Contents page


3 The Consonants of English

x-ray movie showing some places of articulation

x-ray movie showing some manners of articulation

Table 3.1 Allophones of stop consonants

Length differences associated with voiced and voiceless final stop consonants

Released and unreleased stops

Variations in stop releases

Nasal plosion

Anticipating place of articulation

Intervocalic /t/

Vowel shortening before voiceless final fricatives

Final devoicing

Allophones of /l/ in British English

Overlapping gestures


Performance Exercises